Scandium. Source: Wikipedia
There are of course lots of other elements/commodities, and I can’t mention them all. A few of those that are extracted in smaller volumes (often as byproducts) from the earth by mining are for example borate, magnesium, antimony, rutile, mineral sands, beryllium, thorium and scandium. I will focus a bit more on scandium as it seems to have a real chance at becoming a breakthrough metal in aluminium alloys in the not too distant future.